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  • 教員氏名 : ロバート クリッツァー
氏名 ロバート クリッツァー (Robert Kritzer)
所属 人間文化学部 英語英文学科 
人間文化研究科 応用英語専攻 
職名 教授 
主要学歴
1974 年B.A.,Sanskrit.University of California,Berkeley.  
1975年M.L.S. (Master of Library Science). University of California,Berkeley.  
1976年M.A., South and Southeast Asian Studies (Sanskrit). University of California, Berkeley.  
1995年Ph.D., Buddhist Studies. University of California, Berkeley. 
取得学位 Ph.D.(仏教学)M.L.S.(図書館学)M.A(Sanskrit) 
研究分野の概要 I study Indian Buddhist doctrine, particularly abhidharma and early Yogacara. I am especially interested in Vasubandhu and the relationship between those of his ideas that have been labelled Sautrantika and Yogacara doctrine. I also study Buddhist descriptions of the rebirth process. Finally, I am interested in the critical editing of Tibetan Kanjur texts. 
キーワード abhidharma, Abhidharmakosabhasya, Garbhavakrantisutra, Sautrantika, Vasubandhu, Yogacara 
主要職歴
1983年9月〜1984年6月中国北京大学講師(英会話、英作文) 
1993年4月〜1996年3月ノートルダム女子大学英語英文学科非常勤講師 
1996年4月〜1999年3月ノートルダム女子大学文学部英語英文学科助教授 
1999年4月〜2005年3月京都ノートルダム女子大学人間文化学部英語英文学科助教授 
2005年4月〜京都ノートルダム女子大学人間文化学部英語英文学科教授 
2005年4月〜京都ノートルダム女子大学大学院人間文化研究科教授(兼任) 
学内活動 FD・自己点検評価委員会、心理臨床センター運営委員会、 学生委員会 
教育・研究活動
1.担当科目学 部:Avanced Reading and Writing、 Academic Writing、英語英文学特論、Global English Lecture、卒業研究
大学院:Academic Reading and Writing 
2.教育活動
教育実践上の主な業績 年 月 日 概 要
(1)教育内容・方法の工夫(授業評価を含む)    
1)  I try to promote independence and self-motivation on the part of students.  1996年4月〜現在   
2)  I insist on students’ using English as their primary method of communication with me. This builds their confidence in their ability to use English, rather than merely regard it as a subject to be studied.     
3)  In classes that are not primarily language classes, I ask students, at the end of my presentation of materials or their completion of question sheets, to discuss the material in groups before asking me any questions that they might have. This allows them a chance to think more freely and deeply about what they have been reading and hearing.     
(2)作成した教科書、教材、参考書    
1) I put together a reader on “Death and Birth in Buddhism” for my course at McGill University.  2006年1月〜現在   
2) I put together a reader for my zemi in Buddhism.  1996年4月〜現在   
(3)教育方法、教育実践に関する発表、講演等    
(4)その他教育活動上特記すべき事項    
1)  I was Visiting Professor at McGill University, Montreal, Canada, for their Winter Semester, January-April, 2006. I taught a graduate and an undergraduate course there. The opportunity to teach students at the top-ranked university in Canada has given me some new insights into teaching that can be applied at Kyoto Notre Dame University.  2006年1月〜2006年4月   
3.研究活動
著書、学術論文等の名称 単著・共著の別 発行又は発表の年月 発行所、発行雑誌
(及び巻・号数)等の名称
編者・著者名
(共著の場合のみ記入)
該当頁数
(1)著書          
1)  Vasubandhu and the Yogācārabhūmi; Yogācāra Elements in the Abhidharmakośabhāsya. Studia Philologica Buddhica Monograph Series XVIII.  単著  2005年  Tokyo: International Institute for Buddhist Studies    全417頁 
Garbhāvakrāntisūtra: The Sūtra on Entry into the Womb. Studia Philologica Buddhica Monograph Series XXXI.  単著  2014  Tokyo: International Institute for Buddhist Studies    全438頁 
(2)論文          
"Tibetan Texts of Garbhāvakrāntisūtra: Differences and Borrowings"  単著  2012年  Annual Report of the International Research Institute for Advanced Buddhology at Soka University 15    131-145 
Review of Dhammajoti, K.L., Entrance into the Supreme Doctrine.  単著  2010  Indo-Iranian Journal 53    265-274 
"Life in the Womb: Conception and Gestation in Buddhist Scripture and the Classical Indian Medical Literature"  単著  2009年  Imagining the Fetus. Eds. Vanessa R. Sasson and Jane Marie Law. New York: Oxford University Press.    73-89頁 
“Dārstāntika and Sautrāntika in the Abhidharmadīpa,”  単著  2008年  Aspects of Research into Central Asian Buddhism: In memoriam Kōgi Kudara. Ed. Peter Zieme. Silk Road Studies. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols.    111〜138頁 
"The Names of Winds in the Various Versions of the Garbhāvakrāntisūtra"  単著  2006-2007年  Bulletin d'́Études Indiennes    139-154頁 
“Childbirth and the Mother’s Body in the Abhidharmakośabhāsya and Related Texts.”  単著  2004年  Indo tetsugaku bukkyōshisō ronshū: Mikogami Eshōkyōju shōju kinen ronshū インド哲学佛教思想論集:神子神恵生教授頌寿記念論集; Nagatabunshodo     1009〜1085頁 
“Sautrāntika in the Abhidharmakośabhāsya”  単著  2003年  Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 26.    331〜384頁 
“General Introduction (to the issue of the Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies on Sautrāntika,)”  単著  2003年  Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 26.    201〜224頁 
“The ‘Additional Leaf’ of the Abhidharmasamuccayabhāsya Manuscript: the Results of the Ten Bad Courses of Action,” in Journal Asiatique 290: 2  単著  2003年  Journal Asiatique 290: 2    465〜484頁 
10  “Garbhāvakrāntau (‘In the Garbhāvakrānti’): Quotations from the Garbhāvakrāntisūtra in Abhidharma Literature and the Yogācārabhūmi”  単著  2013  The Yogācārabhūmi and its Adaptation in India, East Asia, and Tibet. Ed. Ulrich Timme Kragh. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University, Department of Sanskrit and Indian Studies    738-771 
11  "Affliction and Infestation in an Indian Buddhist Embryological Sūtra"  単著  2014  Scripture:Canon::Text:Context: Essays Honoring Lew Lancaster    181-202 
(3)その他          
4.学会等および社会における主な活動
(1)学会活動
2006年  Content Contributor, Digital Dictionary of Buddhism(http://www.buddhism-dict.net/ddb/index.html)  
2007年6月12日  Talk entitled “Life in the Womb: Conception and Gestation in the Garbhāvakrāntisūtra and the Classical Indian Medical Literature,” at the Kyoto Asian Studies Group, sponsored by the Kyoto Consortium for Japanese Studies. 
2010年8月19日  Talk entitled "On the Tibetan Texts of the Garbhavakrantisutra" given at the 12th Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. 
2011年4月2日  Talk entitled "Affliction and Infestation in an Indian Buddhist Embryological Sutra" given at the Annual Conference of the Association for Asian Studies, Honolulu, Hawaii 
2011年6月21日  Talk entitled "Yogacaras in the Vibhasa and their Relationship to Yogacarabhumi" given at the 16th Conference of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, Jinshan, Taiwan 
2011年6月25日  Talk entitled "Vasubandhu's Atmavadapratisedha: Sautrantika, Darstantika, Yogacara?" given at the 16th Conference of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, Jinshan, Taiwan 
2013年7月9日  Talk entitled "Aśubhabhāvanā 不淨觀 in Jingying Huiyuan’s Dasheng yizhang 大乘義章" given jointly with Elizabeth Kenney, Kansai Gaidai University, at conference, From Abhidhamma to Abhidharma, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium 
(2)公的機関の役職等
(3)非営利組織等における活動
(4)講演講師等
6/11/2010-6/12/2010  I gave three talks in the lecture series entitled New Horizons in Yogācāra Studies at National Chengchi University, Taipei, Taiwan Part I: Dārṣṭāntika/Sautrāntika and the Yogācārabhūmi (two talks) 譬喻師/經量部與《瑜伽師地論》兩講 ) Part II: The Garbhâvakrāntisūtra, a Buddhist Embryological Text (one talk) 《入母胎經》:關於胚胎學的佛典  
6/4/2012  I gave a talk entitled  The Garbhāvakrāntisūtra: a Buddhist sūtra on Conception, Gestation, and Birth at Institut für Kultur-und Geistesgeschichte, Vienna 
4/4/2014  I gave a presentation at the Atelier d’embryologie indienne, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, on the relation between Garbhāvakrāntisūtra and the Buddhist meditation on impurity (aśūbhabhāvanā). 
(5)その他

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